May 28, 2023

How to solve syllogism questions?

Syllogism is one of the common topics in the Reasoning Ability section. Questions from this topic are usually asked in the banking prelims test, but you can also anticipate 1-2 questions in the main exam. So if you are preparing for public sector banking exams, Syllogism is undoubtedly an important topic for you to cover. Syllogism questions pdf is available on various online websites where you can easily practice.

Syllogism, often known as syllogism reasoning, is one of the most crucial topics in the reasoning sections of prestigious exams like IBPS and SBI. This topic typically has a lot of weightage in exams, which translates to higher marks. However, it is often not that simple to attempt these questions. Everyone would be eager to try these questions if that were the case. The main challenge with answering these questions is that it takes a lot of time, leaving little time for subsequent questions in that area. If appropriately used, syllogisms can make or break your sectional cutoffs and, subsequently, final scores, which may determine whether a candidate is selected.

Syllogism questions: The Basics

In Syllogism, students have to draw a conclusion from a set of given statements. These questions help to evaluate a candidate’s capacity for logical thinking. Candidates should be well-versed in the fundamentals of syllogisms to answer problems quickly and efficiently. One needs to have the appropriate approach to succeed in the syllogism problems. These questions have fairly straightforward wording. Usually, they have two or more statements. Several conclusions are then drawn in response to these assertions. You must determine the integrity of the findings based on the statements. Simply put, you must decide which inferences logically follow the provided statements. The Venn diagram approach is the most frequently used method to answer queries of this nature.

The conclusions can be of three types:

  • Positive, where the conclusion is 100% true
  • Negative, where the conclusion is 100% not true
  • Possibility, where you cannot be 100% sure about the conclusion; that is, you are doubtful in saying it, but the possibility is there.

This article provides valuable tips and tricks in the later section that you can apply to solve the questions in the least possible time. But before diving into the tips and tricks, continue reading and understand the different types of syllogism questions that are asked in various competitive examinations.

Types of syllogism questions

  • Sequential Syllogism: This is the newest and most complex type of Syllogism. In this, the statements are provided, followed by the conclusions, and you need to choose the set in which the third statement can be logically deduced from the first two statements. 
  • Coded Syllogism: In these questions, you will get statements and conclusions in the coded form. You will need to decode the findings and statements to deduce the answer. 
  • Either or case: In these types of syllogism questions, when the conclusions are not 100% true, but they are 50% true, then the either-or case is formed.  
  • Basic Syllogism: In these types of questions, the conclusions you draw must be 100% true; even if they are 99% true, they are considered false.

Tips and tricks for solving syllogisms reasoning problems

Here are a few valuable tips for solving syllogism questions pdf that will help you solve the questions quickly.

  • Read all the given statements one-by-one at a time.
  • Find out the Venn diagrams you need to create for each statement.
  • Try to identify the question’s pattern.
  • Recognize how to evaluate each statement’s conclusion.
  • The most important thing to remember is that you must approach the question sequentially.
  • Never attempt to solve syllogism puzzles verbally. Sometimes it may seem more convenient to solve problems vocally, but it is the wrong strategy.
  • There could be between 2 and 6 statements. The candidate must not become anxious. The approach to the solution remains the same.

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